For sixteen years I photographed Fine Art, Educational Programs, gallery views and people for the Denver Art Museum. Nine years ago I struck out on my own during the transition from film-based photography to a digital workflow.
The central issue became how to make my digital image look the same on your monitor as it does on mine--and have the prints made from my digital files look like the images on both our monitors.
Color Management is the practice of using methodology, hardware and software to ensure that captured images have accurate and repeatable color.
It seems counter-intuitive that different flat objects could require different lighting, but that is often the case. Many times, experimentation is the only solution.
Each of these examples are two-dimensional, but each had different lighting needs.